Mortgage Rates Influenced, But Not Set by the Federal Open Market Committee

Comparing the 30-year fixed versus the Fed Funds Rate

 

The Federal Open Market Committee  can influence mortgage rates but not set them. Mortgage rates are set by Wall Street.

Meeting today, the Federal Open Market Committee will vote on monetary policies that will affect Atlanta home buyers, Atlanta mortgage lenders, and Atlanta home inspectors. Most likely, mortgage rates are going to change.

The 12-person sub-committee within the Federal Reserve votes on the nation’s monetary policy. Led by Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, the FOMC’s most prominent role is as steward for the Fed Funds Rate.

The Fed has said repeatedly that it intends to keep the Fed Funds Rate near 0.000. Unfortunately, this doesn’t mean that Atlanta mortgage rates will remain low as well. That all depends on Wall Street.

As proof that the Fed Funds Rate is distinct from mortgage rates, consider that, since 2000, the difference between the Fed Funds Rate and the average, 30-year fixed rate mortgage rate has been as wide as 5.25% and as narrow at 0.50%.

If the Fed Funds Rate was tied to mortgage rates, the chart at right would be linear.

After its meetings, the FOMC issues a standard press release to the public which reflects the group’s overall economic outlook. When the FOMC statement is generally “positive”, mortgage rates tend to rise in response. This is because investors often assume more risk in an improving economy and this can harm bond market prices — including those for mortgage-backed bonds.

Conversely, when the Fed is generally negative in its statement, mortgage rates can improve.

Since the FOMC’s last meeting, there has been little about which to be negative with the U.S. economy. Housing and manufacturing are improving; employment is higher; and global markets are regaining their respective footing. The Fed may make note of it. Or, it may not.

Regardless, mortgage rates are expected to move so consider locking your mortgage rate ahead of today’s 2:15 PM ET statement.

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